Planning, environment, resource scarcity, climate change, pollution: geosciences are at the forefront of the sciences committed to responding to new societal and environmental challenges. The geosciences bring together a set of complementary disciplines that are necessary to understand how the planet works and to control the interactions between the environment and anthropogenic developments.
They provide students with a foundation of general skills for understanding the functioning of the different layers of the Earth’s mantle and their interactions, understanding the origin and evolution of the planets and the solar system, and understanding the origin and history of life on Earth. In addition, the CMI in geosciences allow us to acquire the tools and knowledge necessary to properly take into account the complexity of our environment in relation to engineering objectives (resource management and exploitation, development and preservation of the environment).
The growth of geoscience issues on a global scale is integrated with numerous research activities, stimulating innovation in a sector that is in demand; as well as by periods at the international level allowing the needs and tools of other countries to be taken into account.
The sectors of activity concern the areas of :
reconnaissance: these are the professions that aim to describe our geological environment. They cover prospecting strategies and tools (field geology, geophysical, geotechnical and hydrogeological methods), the use and exploitation of remote sensing methods, mapping on different scales, etc.
the environment: these are professions related to the rational exploitation of water resources, mineral and fossil energy resources and renewable resources. Taking into account their preservation and their management in time and space are sectors of geosciences activities. The management of waste and the pollution of terrestrial and/or oceanic ecosystems are also covered,
environmental planning: these are activities that deal with the interactions between human infrastructure and the complex and ever-changing environment. The fields of application are development projects (related to civil engineering), analysis and management of natural risks.
Examples of occupations that can be accessed through MICs in geosciences are geophysicist, geotechnician, hydrogeologist, geothermal engineer, petroleum geologist, mining geologist, natural hazards engineer, geoscientific researcher. New professions are also emerging, such as engineers in ecodesign, polluted sites and soils, carbon assessment and deconstruction.